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Background to the Study

For any nation to be recognized among the committee of nation, that country need to improve it’s scientific and technological know how. These can only be achieved through well and articulated, science education, if those concerned with designing of educational policy, develop the science curriculum in ways that are aimed at improving scientific knowledge and positive attitude toward science. They can also be achieved by exposing the younger ones to sciences from the primary school (i.e. PRIMARY) level of their education through the integrated science curriculum.

Integrated science is a basic science subject offers at primary school (PRIMARY 1 – 111) level of Nigerian educational system of education. It is the integration of the basic concepts of the major science subjects like Biology, Physics, and Chemistry aimed at preparing them for the study of science in their senior secondary school (PRIMARY) level of education.

According to the National Policy on Education (2004) the primary school will be both prevocational and academic and will teach basic subjects which will enable pupils to acquire further knowledge and skills (PAR 19(4) p.17). The importance of the above statement cannot be overemphasized. First of all, integrated science teaching is expected to use students’ basic knowledge as indicated above. This will in turn feed the different sciences at PRIMARY level in preparation for studies as the tertiary institutions. Thus, these groups will constitute the nations future scientists in medicine, pharmacy, engineering and the like.

In furtherance of these objectives, there is need for provision of science teachers to the teaching of integrated science. The over populated students at this level (Adegbite, 1991) provide laboratory facilities and equipments used as the chemicals for experiments. Fatola (1992) pointed out it, is when these have been provided that the authorities can be said to have laid down the foundation for science and technology.

But Akanbi (1998) noted that there are many problems that frustrate efforts of realizing the aims of science education in Nigeria. According to him, the most notable of these is the non-science principals of secondary school. This is because they do not understand and appreciate or recognize the need to improve science in their schools. They tend to every subject irrespective of their importance, to be rated equally.

The government policy is adversely affecting the effective teaching process of science education. This is because, education has been politicized. All these and other constitute problems of science education, integrated science inclusive.

More local government area of Kwara State has about seventeen (17) secondary schools. In these schools, integrated is taught as a core subject at the PRIMARY level. Even though about three over five of the schools have what can be called laboratories. Most of them are empty in terms of facilities and equipment science teachers in these schools can also be described as inadequate.


Statement of the Problem

Educators are incessantly concerned about the need to improve student’s academic achievement in science subjects. Research also has shown that, the performance of science students in secondary schools has persistently been on the declined (Bello 1991). Lack of science facilities, coupled with over loaded syllabus has been given as some of the factors contributing to such performance (Oro journal of educational and technological studies (OJETS, July 2000).

For a long time now, educators as well as research studies in science education have shown that the need for laying a sound foundation for science studies through the teaching of integrated science in the primary school (PRIMARY) level has been neglected. This is expected to serve as a foundation for the science students in their transition to senior secondary school levels, thereby improving their performance in science and for the overall development of the nation.

Even though this has commenced as emphasized in the Nigerian Policy on Education (2004) it is of concern that many infrastructural and instructional facilities are not in place, particularly in the rural and semi-urban areas. This is a problem which this study intends to fill. Thus, the study investigates the prospects and problems of Integrated Science as a basis for studying science in PRIMARY in Moro Local Government Area of Kwara State.


Research questions

Based on the problem of this study, the researcher attempts to answer the following questions.

  1. What are the prospects of teaching integrated science in primary in Moro local government area?
  2. Identify problems associated with the teaching of integrated science in primary schools.
  3. Is there any difference n the non-graduate and graduate teacher’s perception of prospect of integrated science for studying science in primary class?

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